Saturday, May 23, 2020

Raoults Law Calculating Vapor Pressure of Volatile Solutions

This example problem demonstrates how to use Raoults Law to calculate the vapor pressure of two volatile solutions mixed together. Raoult's Law Example What is the expected vapor pressure when 58.9 g of hexane (C6H14) is mixed with 44.0 g of benzene (C6H6) at 60.0 Â °C?Given:Vapor pressure of pure hexane at 60 Â °C is 573 torr.Vapor pressure of pure benzene at 60 Â °C is 391 torr. Solution Raoults Law can be used to express the vapor pressure relationships of solutions containing both volatile and nonvolatile solvents. Raoults Law is expressed by the vapor pressure equation:Psolution ÃŽ §solventP0solventwherePsolution is the vapor pressure of the solutionÃŽ §solvent is mole fraction of the solventP0solvent is the vapor pressure of the pure solventWhen two or more volatile solutions are mixed, each pressure component of the mixed solution is added together to find the total vapor pressure.PTotal Psolution A Psolution B ...Step 1 - Determine the number of moles of each solution in order to be able to calculate the mole fraction of the components.From the periodic table, the atomic masses of the carbon and hydrogen atoms in hexane and benzene are:C 12 g/molH 1 g/mol Use the molecular weights to find the number of moles of each component:molar weight of hexane 6(12) 14(1) g/molmolar weight of hexane 72 14 g/molmolar weight of hexane 86 g/molnhexane 58.9 g x 1 mol/86 gnhexane 0.685 molmolar weight of benzene 6(12) 6(1) g/molmolar weight of benzene 72 6 g/molmolar weight of benzene 78 g/molnbenzene 44.0 g x 1 mol/78 gnbenzene 0.564 molStep 2 - Find mole fraction of each solution. It doesnt matter which component you use to perform the calculation. In fact, a good way to check your work is to do the calculation for both hexane and benzene and then make sure they add up to 1.ÃŽ §hexane nhexane/(nhexane nbenzene)ÃŽ §hexane 0.685/(0.685 0.564)ÃŽ §hexane 0.685/1.249ÃŽ §hexane 0.548Since there are only two solutions present and the total mole fraction is equal to one:ÃŽ §benzene 1 - ÃŽ §hexaneÃŽ §benzene 1 - 0.548ÃŽ §benzene 0.452Step 3 - Find the total vapor pressure by plugging the values into the equation:PTotal ÃŽ §hexaneP0hexane ÃŽ §benzeneP0benzenePTotal 0.548 x 573 torr 0.452 x 391 torrPTotal 314 177 t orrPTotal 491 torr Answer: The vapor pressure of this solution of hexane and benzene at 60 Â °C is 491 torr.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Commonly Confused Words Bathos and Pathos

The words bathos and pathos are related in meaning as well as in sound, but theyre not interchangeable. Definitions The noun bathos refers to an abrupt and often ludicrous transition from the elevated to the ordinary (a form of anticlimax), or to an excessively sentimental demonstration of pathos. The word bathos  (adjective form, bathetic) almost always has a negative connotation. The noun pathos  (adjective form, pathetic) refers to a quality in something experienced or observed that evokes sympathy and a feeling of sorrow. Examples The director had clearly decided to confront us with the gruesome detail of the massacre, but the sight of artificial dismembered limbs, human torsos dangling in  trees, and blood-stained cavalry men riding about brandishing human legs and heads,  that all clearly had the weight of polystyrene, made his intentions ridiculous.  The entire cinema burst out laughing as the film  descended into bathos. We expected the gruesome and got the bizarre instead.(John Wright, Why Is That So Funny? Limelight, 2007)The  pathos  of the  Frankenstein  legend is that the monster has some traits of humanity remaining within him.Mr. Moretti has a habit of crossing the line from pathos to bathos, but he imbues this  movie [Mia Madre] with such honest sentiment  that he can evoke a lifetime of feeling with just the shot of an empty chair.(Manohla  Dargis, New York Film Festival Walks the Tightrope Between Art and Commerce. The New York Times, September 24, 2015) Usage Notes Dont confuse bathos with pathos. Bathos, the Greek word for depth, is a descent from the sublime to the ridiculous. You commit bathos if, for example, you ruin a stately speech by ending it with some tasteless anecdote. The adjective is bathetic, like pathetic, the adjective for pathos, the Greek word for suffering. Bathos is commonly misused as the equivalent of sloppy sentimentality.(John B. Bremner, Words on Words: A Dictionary for Writers and Others Who Care About Words. Columbia University Press, 1980)Pathos is the quality of something, such as speech or music, that evokes a feeling of pity or sorrow: The mother told her tale with such pathos that tears came to the eyes of many present. Bathos is either insincere pathos or a descent from the sublime to the ridiculous: The play was rather moving in places, but the episode where the two take a shower together was pure bathos.(Adrian Room, Dictionary of Confusable Words. Fitzroy Dearborn, 2000)Pathos occurs when a feeling of pity, compassion or tenderness towards a character or situation is evoked in the reader. Pathos will be usually felt towards a hero, an admired character or a victim. The group victims of a disaster will also frequently engender pathos. The undeserved or early death of a character is a subject for pathos. If we have cried over some incident in a book we have experienced pathos. Think of the death of Ophelia in Hamlet and notice how it is Gertrudes speech about a young girls death which is the means by which Shakespeare induces pathos...The writer must always strike a careful balance with such scenes if pathos is to be achieved. Even good writers can sometimes go over the top into bathos, when an incident or character that should have aroused compassion veers toward the absurd or ludicrous. Dickens in The Old Curiosity Shop clearly meant the death of Little Nell to arouse pathos and for the most part it did with his contemporary readers. Many modern readers though find the overblown descri ption almost laughable.(Colin Bulman, Creative Writing: A Guide and Glossary to Fiction Writing. Polity Press, 2007) Practice (a) The pat ending of Beauty and the Beast disregards the dark undercurrent of genuine _____ and suffering that had made the Beast so endearing.(b) Don Gibsons . . . specialty  became the tearjerkin country ballad, although many of his recordings were so drenched in self-pity that they crossed the line into pure _____.(Richard Carlin,  Country Music: A Biographical Dictionary. Routledge, 2003) Scroll down for answers below: Answers to Practice Exercises: (a) The pat ending of  Beauty and the Beast  disregards the dark undercurrent of genuine  pathos  and suffering that had made the Beast so endearing.(b) Don Gibsons . . . specialty  became the tearjerkin country ballad, although many of his recordings were so drenched in self-pity that they crossed the line into pure  bathos.(Richard Carlin,  Country Music: A Biographical Dictionary. Routledge, 2003)

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Natural Resources of Bangladesh Free Essays

string(44) " machinery is gradually gaining popularity\." Bangladesh is largely ethnically homogeneous. Indeed, its name derives from the Bengali ethno-linguistic group, which comprises 98% of the population. Bengalis, who also predominate in the West Bengal province of India, are one of the most populous ethnic groups in the world. We will write a custom essay sample on Natural Resources of Bangladesh or any similar topic only for you Order Now Variations in Bengali culture and language do exist of course. There are many dialects of Bengali spoken throughout the region. The dialect spoken by those in Chittagong and Sylhet are particularly distinctive. In 2009 the population was estimated at 156 million. Religiously, about 90% of Bangladeshis are Muslims and the remainders are mostly Hindus. Bangladesh became one of the large nation states in 1971when it seceded from Pakistan. Prior to the creation of Pakistan in 1947, modern-day Bangladesh was part of ancient, classical, medieval and colonial India. Since independence, the government has experienced periods of democratic and military rule. The founding leader of the country and its first president was Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. His daughter Sheikh Hasina Wazed is currently the prime minister, as leader of the Awami League. Physical features of Bangladesh Location size Bangladesh is situated in southern Asia, on the delta of the 2 largest rivers on the Indian subcontinent—the Ganges and Jamuna (Brahmaputra). It borders with India in the west, north, and east, with Burma (also known as Myanmar) in the southeast, and with the Bay of Bengal in the south. The country’s area is 144,000 square kilometers (55,598 square miles), and it is divided into 6 administrative divisions (Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Barisal, Rajshai and Sylhet) and 4 major municipal corporations (Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna and Rajshahi). Comparatively, the territory of Bangladesh is slightly greater than the state of New York. Bangladesh’s capital city, Dhaka, is located in the central part of the country. Bangladesh occupies the eastern part of the Bengal region (the western part of the region is occupied by the Indian state of West Bengal), which historically was part of the great civilizations in the northeast of the Indian subcontinent. Climate of Bangladesh Bangladesh has a tropical monsoon-type climate, with a hot and rainy summer and a dry winter. January is the coolest month with temperatures averaging near 26 deg C (78 d F) and April the warmest with temperatures from 33 to 36 deg C (91 to 96 deg F). The climate is one of the wettest in the world. Most places receive more than 1,525 mm of rain a year, and areas near the hills receive 5,080 mm ). Most rains occur during the monsoon (June-September) and little in winter (November-February). Bangladesh is subject to devastating cyclones, originating over the Bay of Bengal, in the periods of April to May and September to November. Often accompanied by surging waves, these storms can cause great damage and loss of life. The cyclone of November 1970, in which about 500,000 lives were lost in Bangladesh, was one of the worst natural disasters of the country in the 20th century. Bangladesh has warm temperatures throughout the year, with relatively little variation from month to month. January tends to be the coolest month and May the warmest. In Dhaka the average January temperature is about 19Â °C (about 66Â °F), and the average May temperature is about 29Â °C (about 84Â °F). Surface water inflow and river system of Bangladesh Surface Water made up of rivers, streams, lakes, beels and ponds. In other words, all waters on the surface of the earth including fresh and salt water, ice and snow. In Bangladesh, rainfall and trans-boundary river flows are the main sources of surface water. Bangladesh has an average annual surface flow of about 1,073 million acre feet (MAF), of which about 870 MAF (93%) are received from India as inflow and rest 203 MAF (7%) as rainfall. This water is enough to cover the entire country to a depth of 9. 14m. About 132 MAF (65% of rainfall and 12% of total) are lost in evaporation (114. 30 cm) and the rest flows to the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh has about 700 rivers ncluding tributaries and distributaries, which crisis-cross the landscape and creates about 98,000 ha of inland water bodies and more than 24,000 km streams or water channels. Of these, 54 rivers, including the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, originate from India and 3 originate from Myanmar. About 93% catchment areas of these 58 rivers are beyond Bangladesh, while only 7% is in Bangladesh. During the dry season when irrigation is necessary, these rivers either flow at their lowest levels or become dry in the Bangladesh portion, due to upstream barrages, built in the upper riparian region. The principal rivers of Bangladesh are the Padma, the Megna, The Jamuna, and the Brahamaputra. The Dhaleswari and the Karnafuli. Besides, there are many small rivers like the Buriganga, the Sitallakya, the Gumti, the Tista, the Atrai, the Kortoa, The Mohananda, the Madhumati and many others. They have tributaries as well. Improtance and usefulness: The rivers are of great help to us. Our agriculture depends on the rivers. The rivers supply water and make the land fertile by depositing silt. Thus they help to produce paddy, jute, wheat and many other crop. The rivers also help our irrigation. Our rivers are a great source of wealth. The rivers abounded in fishes. Fish is an important food of our country. Many people earn their livelihood by catching fish in the rivers. Our rivers are important means for transport too. Boats, launches, steamers ply through them in all seasons. They carry passengers and goods from one place to another. These rivers also help our trade and commerce. Pattern of agriculture Bangladesh is primarily an agrarian economy. Agriculture is the single largest producing sector of economy since it comprises about 30% of the country’s GDP and employing around 60% of the total labor force. The performance of this sector has an overwhelming impact on major macroeconomic objectives like employment generation, poverty alleviation, human resources development and food security. Agricultural holdings in Bangladesh are generally small. Through Cooperatives the use of modern machinery is gradually gaining popularity. You read "Natural Resources of Bangladesh" in category "Papers" Rice, Jute, Sugarcane, Potato, Pulses, Wheat, Tea and Tobacco are the principal crops. The crop sub-sector dominates the agriculture sector contributing about 72% of total production. Fisheries, livestock and forestry sub-sectors are 10. 33%, 10. 11% and 7. 33% respectively. Bangladesh is the largest producer of Jute. Rice being the staple food, its production is of major importance. Rice production stood at 20. 3 million tons in 1996-97 fiscal year. Crop diversification program, credit, extension and research, and input distribution policies pursued by the government are yielding positive results. The country is now on the threshold of attaining self-sufficiency in food grain production. Types of forest Forestry is a sub-sector of agriculture in Bangladesh, which makes a contribution to the national economy and is supposed to promote ecological stability. Although Bangladesh is amazingly green, it is a forest-poor country. Most of its public forestlands are located in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, greater Khulna district, greater Sylhet district, Dhaka, Mymensingh and Tangail districts. Half of Bangladesh does not have public forests at all. Homestead forests seen around almost all households are important for the rural communities. They meet a significant portion of fuel wood need and house construction materials, among other things. Although it is estimated that Bangladesh has approximately 6% of its land covered with public forests, actually very little of natural forests is left today except for those in the Sundarbans in Khulna. The plantations are not to be considered as forests. The three main types of public forests are: (i) Tropical evergreen or semi-evergreen forest in the eastern districts of Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Sylhet, and the Chittagong Hill Tracts region; (ii) moist or dry deciduous forests also known as sal (Shorea robusta) forests located mainly in the central plains and the freshwater areas in the northwest region; and (iii) Tidal mangrove forests along the coast – the Sundarbans in the southwest of the Khulna and other mangrove patches in the Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar and Noakhali coastal belt. Mineral resources Although Bangladesh is a small country, it has a number of mineral resources such as natural gas, oil, coal, hard rock, limestone, white clay, glass sand and mineral sand. At present, natural gas is the only mineral commodity significantly contributing to the national economy. More than 90% of the country’s energy needs are met by gas, total reserves of whi ch are 21. 35 trillion cubic feet (TCF) and 12. 43 TCF, respectively. Huge reserves of hard rock (granodiorite, quartzdiorite, gneiss) and coal in northwest Bangladesh will help, in the near future, to meet the growing demand for construction materials and energy for the ever-growing population. Total coal reserves are 1753 million tons (MT), the market value of which is more than US$110 billion. Hard rock reserves are 115 million tons, valued at over US$3 billion. Fully fledged extraction of these resources would help to alleviate the country’s poverty through industrialization. It is expected that coal will soon be extracted on a commercial basis, of which 70 to 80% will be used in power generation. The mineral resources so far found in Bangladesh are meagre in comparison to its high population. To meet the growing demand of the population, more mineral resources need to be discovered and developed, otherwise sustainable development cannot be achieved. However, it is difficult for developing countries like Bangladesh to carry out the necessary activities for exploration and exploitation of hidden mineral resources without foreign assistance. This is a major drawback for Bangladesh. To progress towards an endurable sustainable society, a nation such as Bangladesh must give priority to the development of its existing mineral resources, which can play a major role in helping to reshape the country’s socio-economic infrastructure. Industrial set up In 1972, the year after its establishment, Bangladesh nationalized most of its industries and set up nine corporate conglomerates to oversee the state-owned enterprises (SOEs). The lack of commercial orientation inhibited investment and growth, including in the traditional jute industry, and the emerging leader, the garment industry. From the mid-1980s, the government shifted to encouraging private investment, but the industrial sector remained closely regulated. In 1991, in the post-Cold War international environment, and with the end of military rule, the government inaugurated a new Industrial Policy planning investment liberalization, the interim restructuring of several large parastatals, as well as the gradual privatization of public enterprises in all but the airways, railways, and mining sectors. Political resistance to privatization was very strong, and in the early 1990s restructuring resulted in some output decline. With a new government, in the period 1996–2001, 33 SOEs were sold by the state, but the Economist Intelligence Unit reported that these were smaller operations, and that the divestments did not significantly lessen the government’s dominance of the industrial sector. Recent discoveries of large natural gas reserves and plans for new power plants throughout the country were slated to boost industrial growth in 2000 and beyond. However, as of late 2002, plans for the development of natural gas resources continue to be delayed by political rows over the participation of foreign companies. Density and distribution of population In 2010, Bangladesh was estimated to be one of the ten most highly populated countries with an estimated population of just fewer than 160 million. This makes the population density of about 875 people per sq km (2,267 people per sq mi) higher than other countries. Most of the population is young with about 60 percent under the age of 25, with only about 3 percent over the age of 65 (life expectancy is 61 years). Twenty percent of the population was deemed to be urban in 1998, making population of Bangladesh predominantly rural. Bengalis make up the majority of population of Bangladesh. They are descendants from immigrant Indo-Aryans who came from the west and intermarried with various Bengal groups. The minority in Bangladesh is comprised of several groups, the Chakma and Mogh (Mongoloid people who live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts District), the Santal (migrants from India) and the Biharis (Muslims who came from India). Conclusion Though Bangladesh is a small country but it has great prospects. It can use its vast population as human resources. It is a beautiful country. It can make an effective use of it to attract tourists. To overcome obstacles to gain success in all sectors all people and govt. should be cooperative. Corruption, political resentment, indiscipline, dishonesty should be reduced by applying laws. How to cite Natural Resources of Bangladesh, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Discussion on Human Resource Management-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the Human Resource Management. Answer: Introduction: The objective of this review is to cover the theoretical and analytical aspects of human resource management in projects. The uncertainty and dynamics in HR of the present organizations have been moving tremendously towards the radical dimension. This raises the interests to review the topic. Ten academic sources are 5 non-academic sources are retrieved from online to make a clear understanding of the topic. The study critically assesses those materials by providing logical sequences. It has identified the controversies, themes and trends. The strengths and weakness are also found. The main implications of the findings are addressed. The gaps in knowledge are also discussed. The research is done using patterns like tables highlighting the primary information. Discussion on human resource management: Identification of themes Themes Descriptions The social HR and crowd sourcing coming into their own According to Anderson (2013), after a couple of years on cutting edge, the crowd-sourcing is moving in mainstream. The popular organizations have been aware of the advantages of business ideas of crowd sourcing, performance reviews and leveraging the social media for achieving business aims. Occurrence of true culture management The rise of big data has been helping in controlling and monitoring culture on various layers of organizations. By the system consolidations and gathering and repurposing insights of data over attitudes and behaviors, the HR has been managing and quantifying culture (, 2017). Centralization and consolidation in cloud They have been noting for the organizations. However Armstrong and Taylor (2014) argue that this has been a rising trend with the acquisitions, partnerships and mergers helping in leveraging potentiality over the organizational level. Various HRs have been adopting centralized flexible SaaS cloud-based solutions. The HRs has been going for systems to share, partner and integrate information with each others. Security of mobility Flexible time and work have been a theme that is on rise. The employees have been performing through mobile devices from distant locations. As more organizations have been adopting the policy of bring-your-device and relying upon mobile communications, the confidentiality, security and communication has been the topmost priority (Storey 2014). Uncertainties and big changes in the healthcare coverage Chua et al. researched that, various organizations have been unsure regarding the handing of upcoming changes. The health care has been a hot button theme for the employees and the employee-alike. This has been expected to be turn critical. In several cases it could be utilized as the competitive differentiator for the recruitment. Identification of trends Trends Descriptions Globalization and its influences The employees should possess the knowledge of working regarding the culture and languages in terms of laws, customs, morals and values of the country hosting. Work-Force diversity: As said by Hoch and Dulebohn (2013), the HRM should train people of various age groups, sexes and ethnic backgrounds for managing and dealing under diversified workplace. Changing the requirements of skills The practitioners of HRM ought to communicate about this with the community leaders and educators. The strategic HR planning would lead to weigh the shortages and deficiencies of skills. They need to devise proper training and short term programs for bridging deficiencies and skill gaps (Resources, 2017). Corporate downsizing The HRM should assure appropriate communication during this time. They should minimize the negative influences of rumors. They must ensure that the people have been informed regarding the factual data. They should also deal with the real layoff (, 2017) Programs for continuous improvement The HR should prepare people to adopt changes. This needs extensive and extensive communications. This must deal with the occurrence of changes, expectations and effect over employees. The work-process for re-engineering As per as the study done by Kerzner (2013), the HRM should have methods for the employees in getting proper directions regarding what to perform and what to desire. The assistance to deal with conflict permeating the organization is also considered. To generate the benefits of this, the HRM requires offering training of skills to their employees. Contingent workforce As this strategic decision is made the HRM should be the active partner in the discussions. As the temporary workers are brought into scenario HRM must have the responsibility to quickly adapt those people into the organization. The HRM also needs to provide some thought regarding its attraction in the quality temporaries (Workforce Magazine, 2017) Mass Customization The HR needs to take the marketing tools across the customization for customers and the clients. Then it must be applied to the task of segmentation of talents. This has been the key for optimizing. At one side, the dealing of personal employment for individuals has been chaotic for the clients and consumers. On the other hand the defining of politically correctness of same for everybody has been risking the vital advantages of customization missing. Decentralized worksites For the HRM, the decentralized sites of work have been a challenge. Most of the challenges has been revolving across the training managers in establishing and ensuring proper work quality and completion on-time (Tyson 2014). The working from home has been also requiring the HRM to think again about its policy of compensation. Identification of controversies Controversies Descriptions Flexible Work Options Whether that might be work from home, telecommunicating, remote locations and flexi-hours, the HR professionals have been struggling with the concept of flexible work options. It has been the assimilation of getting the policies appropriate and trusting of people to finish jobs without being present in office while the set hour is on (, 2017). The death of performance appraisal According to Marchington et al. (2016) this has been more like the business as usual period of the year. There have been the people, forms and processes. The HR need to know the conversations they have been having unless the alterations are made. In order to make a long process of a year initially needs documentation of the conversions that need dedicated change agent. Dividing of the HR HR professionals have been becoming too much focused internally and have been unable to make sense of the bigger scenario of the business. For overcoming this Schwalbe (2015) believes that the HR must be divided. One section must deal with the administration and others for organization and leadership. However according to Popaitoon and Siengthai (2014), it has not been a holistic decision. The HRs requires looking at the analytics, competencies, organization design results and outcomes. Strengths and weaknesses of this study: The main strength of this study is the dealing with HR functionalities and strategies. The review refers to the long term goals. This includes the top-tier workforce or turning into the employer of choice. It involves the operational side of the HR, like conducting of open enrollment sessions to select latest health insurance coverage. The study talks about the internal strength of the HR that comprises of the executive leadership supporting and promoting development of HR strategic. The study also takes in considerations of the expertise and staff knowledge of the HR. However, the major weakness of the study is that it does not pose challenges to the HR endeavoring success. It does not talk about the budget constraints and cuts that the HT often needs to deal. It also does not cover the dependency of the HR on sound justification for funding investments on HR activities. Moreover, the study have not discussed about the high turnover and low employee morale that could disrupt the HR. Major implications of the outcomes: This would help in finding the kind and number of employees needed, recruiting, selecting and placing the employees. This would help in delivering performance appraisals and training to the staffs to improve the career and performance growth. The study helps to motivate employees though delivering incentives that are financial and non-financial. The employees are needed to be ensured with social grievances and their grievances are to be handled. The enterprises are needed to be defended from the legal complications. Amicable relationships are to be established between the management and union. Gaps in the knowledge: The efficient strategies of HRM are unable to survive in the vacuum. To become efficient they should be aligned with the strategic vision of the company (Snyder 2014). The vision must deliver the indication of where the organization has been heading. The resources of the people have been required to get to there. The HR leaders must review the present perspective to examine the ways by which the activities of HR could support the vision. The HR leaders must determine the demographics of workforce for examining where the gaps has been between the present skills. This also includes the necessities for the experience and skills that might appear further in alignment with strategies and visions of the company. The strategy of HR must be kept focused on filling up of those gaps by strategic training, retention, recruitment efforts. Conclusion: The primary strength of this review has been the dealing with HR functionalities and strategies. The review refers to the long term goals, the top-tier workforce or turning into the employer of choice. It also includes the operational side of the HR, like conducting of open enrollment sessions to select latest health insurance coverage. Regarding the gaps in the knowledge the efficient strategies of HRM are unable to survive in the vacuum. To become efficient they should be aligned with the strategic vision of the company. The strategy of HR must be kept focused on filling up of those gaps by strategic training, retention, recruitment efforts. The study would help to motivate employees though delivering incentives that are financial and non-financial. This would help in finding the kind and number of employees needed, recruiting, selecting and placing the employees. The human resource is more like the natural resources. They are to be searched for. They are not found easily anywhere. Circumstances are needed to be created where they display themselves. References: Anderson, V., 2013.Research methods in human resource management: investigating a business issue. Kogan Page Publishers. Armstrong, M. and Taylor, S., 2014.Armstrong's handbook of human resource management practice. Kogan Page Publishers. (2017).Insight Center. [online] Available at:!topic=hrtype=newspage=1 [Accessed 17 Jun. 2017]. Chua, C.K.L., Chan, M.J.J., Ho, C.B.D. and Tan, K.K.W., 2014. Project Management (Human Resource) and Value Stream Mapping (End to End Recruitment). Hoch, J.E. and Dulebohn, J.H., 2013. Shared leadership in enterprise resource planning and human resource management system implementation.Human Resource Management Review,23(1), pp.114-125. (2017).Human Resources. [online] Available at: [Accessed 17 Jun. 2017]. Kerzner, H., 2013.Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley Sons. Marchington, M., Wilkinson, A., Donnelly, R. and Kynighou, A., 2016.Human resource management at work. Kogan Page Publishers. Popaitoon, S. and Siengthai, S., 2014. The moderating effect of human resource management practices on the relationship between knowledge absorptive capacity and project performance in project-oriented companies.International Journal of Project Management,32(6), pp.908-920. Resources, H. (2017).Human Resources. [online] Entrepreneur. Available at: [Accessed 17 Jun. 2017]. Schwalbe, K., 2015.Information technology project management. Cengage Learning. (2017).HR News. [online] Available at: [Accessed 17 Jun. 2017]. Snyder, C.S., 2014. A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge: PMBOK () Guide. Project Management Institute. Sparrow, P., Brewster, C. and Chung, C., 2016.Globalizing human resource management. Routledge. Storey, J., 2014.New Perspectives on Human Resource Management (Routledge Revivals). Routledge. Tyson, S., 2014.Essentials of human resource management. Routledge. Workforce Magazine. (2017).Workforce Magazine | Your Human Resources Resource. [online] Available at: [Accessed 17 Jun. 2017]